Sabrina Zora, Katerin Leslie Quispe Guerrero, Nicola Veronese, Alberto Ferri, An L.D. Boone, Marta Pisano Gonzalez, Yves-Marie Pers, Hein Raat, Graham Baker, Alberto Cella, Alberto Pilotto

Abstract

It is essential for welfare systems to predict the health and care needs of people with chronic diseases. The Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) proved excellent accuracy in predicting negative health outcomes. Recently, a selfadministered version of MPI (SELFY-MPI) was developed and validated in community- dwelling subjects showing an excellent agreement between the two instruments regardless of age. This is a feasibility study concerns the implementation of SELFYMPI in five European countries. The SELFY-MPI includes the self-administration of Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of daily Living (IADL), Test Your Memory (TYM) Test, Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), comorbidity, number of medications, and the Gijon’s Socio-Familial Evaluation Scale (SFES). A descriptive analysis was performed on the data collected. 300 subjects (mean age 62 years, range 19-88 years; male/female ratio 0.81) completed the SELFY-MPI. The mean value of the SELFY-MPI was 0.131 (range: 0.0- 0.563) showing a significant correlation with age (Pearson coefficient=0.373, P<0.001). The mean value of the SELFYMPI filling time was 15 minutes (range: 5- 45 minutes) showing a significant correlation between age and filling time (Pearson coefficient=0.547, P<0.001). The SELFYMPI is an excellent self-administered tool for comprehensive self-assessment screening of community-dwelling people at risk of physical and cognitive frailty and/or socioeconomic vulnerability.

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